FORTY -SECOND ANNUAL REPORT TO THIE! TRUSTEES OF SHAW UNIVERSITY -A.JM30 T3E3CES Secretary of the American Baptist Home nission Society. President's Report Raletgh, N. C, May ,31, 1907. Dear Brethren: — I submit herewith my Fourteenth Annual Report, which is the forty-second since the establishment of the in- stitution. ATTENDANCE. The enrollment in all departments for the Academic year ended May 31, 1907, was 526. This surpasses previ- ous records. The most gratifying fact, however, is the general aver- age daily attendance, which was 471 for the month of March. The average age of the students enrolled was 23 years. There are probably few, if any, institutions of learning for the colored people that surpass this record of attendance when the average age is taken into ace, Hint. The impression prevails that the largely increased attendance during the last three years has been wholly in the professional de- partm?nts. To remove this erroneous impression I wish to state that the enrollment in all departments has proportionately increased with the exception of that of Law, which remains about the same. GRADUATES. On the 9th of May there were graduated 31 stu- dents from the Leonard Schools of Medicine and Pharmacy, 24 from the former and 7 from the 'attar. Th.?re were one from the Theological department, three from the Normal and six from the College, making a toLal of forty. TERMS OF ADMISSION AND AFFILIATED SCHOOLS. For the la.st two or three years it has not been possible to admit all who have applied for admission. We believe that this condition has been brought about by adherence to firm yet wise methods of discip- line, an:l to high standards of morals and scholarship. This increase in applications leads to a very important consideration, namely, the terms of admission which were referred to in my last report. It is believed to be advisable to abolish the Preparatory or Academic department just as soon as possible and establish a four years' College Classical course and a four years' College Scientific Course, together with properly correlated and co- ordinated industrial courses. This will necessitate a closer union or cooperation with secondary schools which will result in the rais- ing of their standards and the improvement of their methods of in- struction. The graduates of a secondary school recognized by Shaw 2 University can then be admitted upon certificate as is the practice in many states. I believe it is important that there should be a chain of schools throughout North Carolina affiliated with Shaw University, and that you should instruct the Council of Administration to visit and inspect the work of these schools upon application, and, when found qualified, place them upon the accredited list. As the applica- tions continue to be in excess of the accommodations, I believe it is important that such action should be taken at an early date. ADMINIS TKATIVE METHODS. When I assumed the Presidency of Shaw Lniversity the annual enrollment was about 850 and rarely was there a time during the year when more than 225 students were actually present. With a daily attendance approximating 500 it is easy to see that in methods of administration changes were neces- sary. The work has so increased and the administrative duties have so multiplied that it has been impossible for the President to find time to supervise the class room work, make the purchases, atteud to the numerous features of administration and see that the grounds and buildings are kept in proper condition. The size of the general Faculty is too large to conduct business to advantage. Teachers who have been long in the service of the instiiution are betier prepared to assume responsibility, participate in affairs of administration and make valuable suggestions than those who are young and practically inexperienced. To this end I established "The Council of Administration'' and appointed "A Principal Teacher." "The Council of Administration" is composed of the President, Division Officers and the Principal Teacher. The Council meets twice a week and has complete authority in all mat- ters of administration, consulting, of course, individual teachers whenever they or their pupils are directly concerned. The duty of the Principal Teacher is to supervise the work of the class rooms outside the industrial and professional departments, in addition to conducting two or three recitations a day. Miss Ida J. Brown has served very efficiently and satisfactorily the past year as Principal Teacher. HEALTH. The health of the institution has been excellent throughout the entire year. There has been no death and no sick- ness of a serious nature, and we have been entirely free from or- dinary epidemics. This has been due largely, if not wholly, to an abundant supply of pure water, a splendid heating system and plenty of plain but nourishing food. SEWERS. A petition was sent to the City Government for a branch sewer along the street in the rear of the Campus for the benefit of 3 the Medical Dormitory, the Leonard Medical Building, the new Dis- pensary and the Theological Hall. On account of the slight fall from the kitchen to the sewer in Blount Street, stoppages have oc- curred that have caused considerable trouble and expense. If the City will do this work, which it ought to do, especially when we consider that nearly all the receipts of the institution, amounting to about $40,000 a year, are spent in Raleigh, the Shaw system of sewer- age will be well nigh perfect. There ought to be an additional bath room in Estey and additional toilet and bath rooms in Shaw Hall. Similar conveniences can be provided in the buildings at the south end of the Campus when the City constructs the sewer petitioned for. PHYSICAL CONDITION. The property has been kept in good repair during the past year. It is believed to be better economy to_ spend a little money each year than a large sum every few years Only minor repairs, such as can be made during the summer vaca- tion, are needed beyond the improvements hitherto named, or that will be referred to later as in progress. RELIGIOUS LIFE. The religious life of the institution has been as usual of deep solicitude to the teachers. There were special ser- vices held during the winter conducted by Rev. B. B. Hill of Reids- ville. These services resulted in the spiritual quickening of the institution and the conversion of a number of students. The Y. M. C. A. has kept up its meetings and the usual Sunday services have been carried on. The mid-week prayer meetings have been maintained with a good degree of interest; additional meetings have been held from time to time by the students themselves, and special religious classes, attendance voluntary, have been conducted by some of the teachers. FINANCES. The year financially has been a constant source of anxiety on account of the increased cost of all kinds of supplies and the increase in the wa^es of janitors, cooks, etc. The total receipts for the year were $10393.77. Notwithstanding they were in excess of any previous year, there was a deficit that would have been much larger had it not been for the generosity of the members of the Medical Faculty, who gave their salaries for the month of April and the fractional month of May, amounting in all to $1125.00. It will be necessary to make some readjustment in the salaries of the teachers in the professional departments to prevent further deficits and to employ one or more teachers in the departments of Medicine and Pharmacy, as the requiremBnts of State Examining Boards are being raised, making necessary the study of additional subjects as well as a further study of some of the present subjects. 4 INCREASE IN SALARIES. I do not see how the efficiency in the Literary and Industrial departments of Shaw University can be maintained upon the present basis of salaries. The general pros- perity throughout the country has opened up avenues for employ- ment at larger salaries than heretofore. When we consider that some of our teachers are receiving 1 $400.00 as their total annual com- pensation, and a few even less, and that transportation between home and Shaw must be paid in addition to all living expenses during the year, it is very evident that men and women of culture, refinement and of fine scholastic attainments cannot be retained when many, if not all, could receive two or three times as large a salary and in fields of labor where there is opportunity for philanthropic endeavor. ADDITIONAL TEACHERS. In view of the constant increase in attendance for the last five years, there ought to be more teachers, and you can well understand with what feelings I received the an- nouncement of the Executive Board of the Home Mission Society that the salary list must be reduced $700.00 for the next school year. I do not see how this arrangement can continue without seriously impairing the usefulness of the institution. Our teachers are over- worked and are receiving very small salaries. Instead of reducing the force it ought to be increased by at least two or three teachers. I ought to remark in this connection that if the changes suggested above in the curricula can be made in the next few years, it may be possible to reduce the teaching force, but it will be necessary to em- ploy at least two or three teachers at higher salaries who have had very superior training in order to do the work that will be required. TUPPER MEMORIAL. One of the interesting features of Com- mencement week was the dedication of Tupper Memorial on the af- ternoon of Wednesday preceding Commencement. Rev. J. A. Whitted, D. D., pastor of the First Baptist church, Winston-Salem, N. C, who had served as finaneial agent in raising funds for the Tupper Memorial and the addition to Estey Hall, was made Master of Ceremonies. I felt in view of the important and successful work Dr. Whitted has performed as fiuaucial agent that he should have all the honor that falls to a presiding officer on such an occasion. I in- troduced him to the audience and made him the presiding officer. He gave a most excellent address which will be printed in The Workers. Responses were also made by Rev. Pattillo of Oxford, Rev. Hackney of Chapel Hill and Hon. James H. Young of Raleigh. The prayer of dedication was offered by Rev. W. W. Weeks, D. D., pastor of the Highland Baptist church, Springfield, Mass. This closed the exercises, which was a most befitting end, and dedicated to the train- ing of young men and young women in the industrial arts an im- 5 posing and abiding memorial to Henry Martin Tapper, the first President and founder of Shaw University. HOSPITAL. The change in location of the hospital from the Campus of the Leonard Medical School to the present quiet sur- roundings on Blount Street has been amply vindicated by the in- creased facilities and the reception of a larger number of patients. Although an improvement over the old fix spital the new is inade- quate and must be enlarged at an early date. The maintainance of the Hospital is a severe tax upon the funds of the institution, for the patients, almost without exceptioti, are so poor that they are unable to pay either for professional services, the employment of nurses or -food. The Hospital will be run through the summer, closing for the month of September for necessary cleaning and repairs. A fund ought to be established, the income of which should be used in maintaining one of the most worthy enterprises connected with the Shaw University. ESTEY HALL. A three story addition on the south side of Estey Hall will be made during the summer vacation. One floor will be used for an Assembly room and music rooms, another floor for dormitories and on another floor will be four large rooms for .class-rccm woik in cocking, sewing, dressmaking, millinery, etc. When this addition is completed, and all the rooms of the Tupper Memorial are in use, Shaw will take advanced ground in the teach- ing of the industrial arts. ADMINISTRATIVE BUILDING. There has been a lack of room for office work and other purposes in this building since two or three years after its completion in 1895. Sufficient funds have been con- tributed by friends for the enlargement of this building to provide additional office and other facilities. This will enable the Manage- ment of the institution to carry out the wishes of the Executive Board and establish a University Book Store at the opening of the next school year. CARNEGIE LIBRARY. Mr. Andrew Cafrnegie of New York City, has promised $15,000 for a Library on condition that an additional $15,000 is raised for an endowment. The friends of Shaw must rally and provide this endowment for the work of the Literary departments is greatly hampered by a small library and inadequate supply of books. COMMENCEMENT. On Thursday, May 9th, occurred the Com- mencement of all departments of Shaw University. Hitherto there had beeu two Commencements, but after lengthening the school year in the professional departments it was possible to bring the closing B exercises of all departments on the same day. Although it was an experiment this year, it proved to be successful and we believe the Cummencement of 1907 passes into history as the best and most im- portant that Shaw University has ever known. We believe, however, since all departments close at the same time that efforts should be made to induce the graduates to return in larger numbers and form one or more strong Alumni Associations. The Management of Shaw will be glad to co-operate with the graduates of all departments to make the Alumni features among the most important of Commence- ment week, features that shall be looked forward to and participated in with pleasure and profit both to the graduates and the institution. SUBSTANTIAL GROWTH. I have devoted considerable time to ascertaining the enrollment and receipts of the Colleges and Uni- versities of the New England States in the early part of the Civil War. I was somewhat surprised to learn that only one of these old and famous institutions had an enrollment larger than that of Shaw Uni- versity. Brown, Bowdoin, Colby, Tufts, Amherst, Wesleyan, Dart- mouth and Yale had smaller student bodies than Shaw and the re- ceipts of one of these famous institutions were only slightly in excess of the receipts of Shaw University for the year just closed. I bring you these interesting facts, for only by such comparisons can we realize the growth, the sphere of influence and the scope of work that an institution of learning has attained in the comparatively brief space of forty years. FINANCIAL REPORT. I append herewith my financial report that has been forwarded to Mr. Frank T. Moulton, Treasurer. Medical Department, receipts. Tuition $2,659.00 Board 6,245.10 Contributions 1,503 15 Old Accounts 84 40 J. W. Leonard Fund 250 00 Sundries 74 46 $10,816 11 EXPENDITURES. School Supplies 445.43 Boarding Department 185 55 Repairs 339:06 Additions to Property 540.42 Student Labor 72.42 Salaries: Dr. Jas. McKee $750.00 Dr A. W. Knox 750.00 Dr K P. Battle 750.00 Dr W I Royster 750.00 Dr. R. H Lewis 375 00 Dr. J. M Pickel 750.00 Dr. A W Goodwin 750 00 Dr. L. B Capehart. 50.00 Supt. of Hospital 180.00 Huspital Attendants 575.08 Janitor Service 249.97 5,930.05 Gratuities in Rebates : 124 00 Sundries: Dissecting material, Hospital Supplies, travel- ling expenses, Laundry, etc 486 57 Surplus 2,742.61 £10,816 11 Pharmacy Department, receipts. Tuition $ 768 00 Board 871 00 Old Accounts 10 00 $1,649.00 EXPENDITURES School Supplies 92.38 Boarding Department 28.19 Salary: C. B Crowell 750.00 Rebate 36 00 Sundries 99 20 Surplus 643 23 $1,649.00 Law Department, receipts. Tuition $ 112 00 Board 128.00 Old Accounts 18.00 Deficit 180 42 $ 438.42 EXPENDITURES. School Supplies 12.78 Boarding Department 76 32 Salary: E A. Johnson on account 258.00 Sundries 91 32 $438.42 Literary Department, receipts. Tuition $3,520 35 Board 9,328 35 Contributions 376 15 Old Accounts 151.27 Slater Fund 2,500 00 All other sources 1,574.12 Borrowed Citizens' Nat. Bank, Raleigh, N. C. 500 00 Surplus of 1905-6 1,219.16 Deficit 3,226.68 $22,396 08 EXPENDITURES. School Supplies $ 581.81 Boarding Dept 10,470.45 Repairs 1,038.32 Special Improvements 505.80 Student Labor 788.99 3 Salaries: Paid by Slater Fund : Mary E. Ferrell . . . $ 160.00 Leola K. Miller 400 00 Carrie Murray 480.00 Mary V. Pair ..... 160.00 Ellen C. Pegnes 400.00 C. F. Pope on account 300.00 M. F. Roberts on account 820.00 Carrie N. Stewart 280.00 Paid from School Receipts: C. F. Pope on acc't 100.00 Other employees 2,026.75 4,626 75 Gratuities in Rebates 228.75 Sundries: Travelling expenses, diplomas, stenographer's service, laundry, etc 4,155.21 $22,396.08 APPROPRIATIONS. A. B. H. M. S $ 8,480.00 $ 8,480.00 EXPENDITURES. Chas. F. Meserve .$2,000.00 Alice W. Arnold 400 00 Emily C. Ayer. 400.00 M. D. Bowen 600.00 Ida J. Brown 500 00 G A Edwards 800.00 Annie M. Eldridge 400.00 C. R. Frazer .... 650 00 Margaret L Hamilton 400.00 Lena A. Johnson 450 00 J. L. Levister 6/0.00 A. W. Pegnes 800.00 N. F Roberts 480.00 $8,480.00 Summary receipts. Medical Department '. $10,816.11 Pharmacy Department 1,649.00 Law Department 258 00 Literary Department 19,169 4U Appropriations for Salaries 8,480.00 Deficit 21 26 $40,393.77 in EXPENDITURES. Medical Department I 8,073.50 Pharmacy Department 1,005.77 Law Department 438.42 Literary Department 22,396 08 Salaries from appropriations 8,480.00 $40,393 77 Fraternally submitted, CHARLES FRANCIS MESERVE, President.